TerezAi??n was established at the end of the 18th century as a fortress; still surrounded by its massive ramparts, the town lies at the confluence of the rivers Labe (Elbe) and Ohre (Eger). The Main and Small Fortresses at TerezAi??n, although the modern for their period, gradually became obsolete, and having lost their military function fell into disregard.
Only in the relatively recent past has TerezAi??n once again entered the worlds public consciousness as a tragic symbol of the sufferings of the tens of thousands of innocent people who died here during the Nazi occupation of their homeland.
A village in north-west of Prague which is built on the site of a previous village of the same name, completely destroyed by German forces in 1942.
As a symbol of Czech struggle against nazism and victims of war crimes was establish the Lidice memorial with museum, galerie and multi-medial exhibition.